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Newport early developers

已有 441 次阅读2024-7-9 05:22 |个人分类:American Art (History)|系统分类:转帖-知识

Newport, a city in Rhode Island, has a rich history that dates back to its founding in the 17th century. Some of the key early developers and influential figures in Newport's development include:

  1. William Coddington: One of the founders of Newport in 1639. Coddington was a prominent leader and played a significant role in the establishment of the colony of Rhode Island.

  2. Nicholas Easton: Another founder of Newport, Easton was instrumental in the early governance and development of the city. He served as President of the colony of Rhode Island.

  3. John Clarke: An important figure in the establishment of Newport, Clarke was a physician and Baptist minister. He was a co-founder of Newport and played a key role in securing Rhode Island's charter, which ensured religious freedom for its inhabitants.

  4. Anne Hutchinson: Though more famously associated with the founding of Portsmouth, Rhode Island, Hutchinson and her followers were part of the larger movement that led to the establishment of Newport as a haven for religious dissenters.

  5. Peter Easton: A surveyor and one of the early settlers, Peter Easton helped to map out the town and contributed to its early planning and development.

These early developers and settlers established Newport as a center of religious tolerance, commerce, and culture, laying the groundwork for its growth and prosperity in the centuries that followed.


In the 19th century, Newport, Rhode Island, became a prominent summer resort for America's wealthiest families. This period saw the construction of grand mansions, often referred to as "cottages," by influential developers and architects. Some of the key figures involved in the development of Newport's mansions during this time include:

  1. Richard Morris Hunt: A prominent architect, Hunt designed several iconic Newport mansions, including:

    • The Breakers: Built for Cornelius Vanderbilt II, it is one of the most famous and opulent mansions in Newport.
    • Marble House: Constructed for William Kissam Vanderbilt, this mansion is known for its lavish use of marble and grand design.
  2. McKim, Mead & White: This architectural firm, consisting of Charles Follen McKim, William Rutherford Mead, and Stanford White, designed several notable Newport mansions, such as:

    • Rosecliff: Built for Theresa Fair Oelrichs, Rosecliff is known for its grand ballroom and stunning ocean views.
  3. Horace Trumbauer: Another significant architect, Trumbauer designed mansions such as:

    • The Elms: Built for Edward Julius Berwind, this mansion is inspired by the Château d'Asnières in France and features elaborate interiors and extensive gardens.
  4. Peabody & Stearns: This Boston-based architectural firm designed several Newport mansions, including:

    • Rough Point: Built for Frederick William Vanderbilt, Rough Point is a Tudor-style mansion that later became the home of heiress Doris Duke.
  5. Ogden Codman Jr.: An architect and interior decorator, Codman designed and renovated several Newport homes, including:

    • Land's End: Although not as grand as some of the other mansions, Land's End is notable for its association with author Edith Wharton, who co-wrote "The Decoration of Houses" with Codman.

These developers and architects played a crucial role in shaping the architectural landscape of Newport during the Gilded Age, creating some of the most magnificent and historically significant mansions in the United States.

  1. Richard Morris Hunt: A prominent architect, Hunt designed several iconic Newport mansions, including:

    • The Breakers: Built for Cornelius Vanderbilt II, it is one of the most famous and opulent mansions in Newport.
    • Marble House: Constructed for William Kissam Vanderbilt, this mansion is known for its lavish use of marble and grand design.
  2. McKim, Mead & White: This architectural firm, consisting of Charles Follen McKim, William Rutherford Mead, and Stanford White, designed several notable Newport mansions, such as:

    • Rosecliff: Built for Theresa Fair Oelrichs, Rosecliff is known for its grand ballroom and stunning ocean views.
  3. Horace Trumbauer: Another significant architect, Trumbauer designed mansions such as:

    • The Elms: Built for Edward Julius Berwind, this mansion is inspired by the Château d'Asnières in France and features elaborate interiors and extensive gardens.
  4. Peabody & Stearns: This Boston-based architectural firm designed several Newport mansions, including:

    • Rough Point: Built for Frederick William Vanderbilt, Rough Point is a Tudor-style mansion that later became the home of heiress Doris Duke.
  5. Ogden Codman Jr.: An architect and interior decorator, Codman designed and renovated several Newport homes, including:

    • Land's End: Although not as grand as some of the other mansions, Land's End is notable for its association with author Edith Wharton, who co-wrote "The Decoration of Houses" with Codman.

These developers and architects played a crucial role in shaping the architectural landscape of Newport during the Gilded Age, creating some of the most magnificent and historically significant mansions in the United States.


In the 19th century, Newport, Rhode Island, became a prominent summer resort f

In the 19th century, Newport, Rhode Island, became a prominent summer resort for America's wealthiest families. This period saw the construction of grand mansions, often referred to as "cottages," by influential developers and architects. Some of the key figures involved in the development of Newport's mansions during this time include:


Richard Morris Hunt: A prominent architect, Hunt designed several iconic Newport mansions, including:


The Breakers: Built for Cornelius Vanderbilt II, it is one of the most famous and opulent mansions in Newport.

Marble House: Constructed for William Kissam Vanderbilt, this mansion is known for its lavish use of marble and grand design.

McKim, Mead & White: This architectural firm, consisting of Charles Follen McKim, William Rutherford Mead, and Stanford White, designed several notable Newport mansions, such as:


Rosecliff: Built for Theresa Fair Oelrichs, Rosecliff is known for its grand ballroom and stunning ocean views.

Horace Trumbauer: Another significant architect, Trumbauer designed mansions such as:


The Elms: Built for Edward Julius Berwind, this mansion is inspired by the Château d'Asnières in France and features elaborate interiors and extensive gardens.

Peabody & Stearns: This Boston-based architectural firm designed several Newport mansions, including:


Rough Point: Built for Frederick William Vanderbilt, Rough Point is a Tudor-style mansion that later became the home of heiress Doris Duke.

Ogden Codman Jr.: An architect and interior decorator, Codman designed and renovated several Newport homes, including:


Land's End: Although not as grand as some of the other mansions, Land's End is notable for its association with author Edith Wharton, who co-wrote "The Decoration of Houses" with Codman.

These developers and architects played a crucial role in shaping the architectural landscape of Newport during the Gilded Age, creating some of the most magnificent and historically significant mansions in the United States.

ChatGPT

John N.A. Griswold and the King family were both influential figures in the development of Newport, particularly during the 19th century, when the city became a renowned summer retreat for America's elite.

John N.A. Griswold

John Noble Alsop Griswold (1822-1909) was a significant figure in Newport's development, primarily known for his contributions to the maritime and cultural aspects of the city:

Griswold House: Griswold commissioned Richard Morris Hunt to design his summer residence, known as the Griswold House. This mansion, built in 1864, is one of the earliest examples of the Stick Style in American architecture. Today, it houses the Newport Art Museum and is a key piece of Newport's architectural heritage.

Maritime Influence: Griswold was a successful merchant and China trade tycoon. 

His wealth and influence helped to shape Newport as a prosperous community. 

His involvement in shipping and trade brought economic benefits to the city, reinforcing its status as a vital port.

Cultural Patronage: Griswold's patronage of the arts and culture helped establish Newport as not only a summer retreat but also a cultural hub. 

His support of the Newport Art Museum and other cultural institutions contributed to the city's rich cultural landscape.


The King Family

The King family, particularly Edward King and his descendants, played a pivotal role in Newport's development:

Edward King (1776-1836): A wealthy merchant, Edward King significantly contributed to Newport's growth through 

his business ventures and social influence. His wealth helped to establish a legacy that would continue to shape Newport for generations.

King House: Edward King's son, Edward King Jr., commissioned the King House, also known as Kingscote, in 1839. 

Designed by architect Richard Upjohn, Kingscote is one of the earliest examples of Gothic Revival architecture in America. 

This mansion became a model for other grand homes in Newport and remains a landmark today.

Social and Cultural Influence: The King family's prominence in society helped to attract other wealthy families to Newport. Their participation in social and cultural activities, such as the establishment of social clubs and patronage of the arts, reinforced Newport's reputation as a fashionable and culturally rich summer destination.


Overall Impact

Both John N.A. Griswold and the King family were instrumental in transforming Newport from a colonial port town 

into a glamorous summer resort for America's elite. Their contributions to architecture, culture, and the economy helped

 to establish Newport as a premier destination for wealth, leisure, and culture, a legacy that continues to this day.












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